Thursday, June 7, 2012

Empirical Studies Related to Gender Wage Gap

Albelda, R. P. (1986, April) Occupational segregation by race and gender, 1958-1981. Industrial and Labor Relations, 39(3):404-411.

Amuedo-Dorantes, C. & Mach, T. (2003) Performance pay and fringe benefits. International Journal of Manpower, 24(6):672-698.

Anderson, D. J., Binder, M., & Krause, K. (2003, January) The motherhood wage penalty revisited: Experience, heterogeneity, work effort, and work-schedule flexibility. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 56(2):273-294.

Bauer, T. & Zimmermann, K.F. (1999) Overtime work and overtime compensation in Germany. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 46:419-436.

Bayard, K., Hellerstein, J., Neumark, D., & Troske, K. (2003) New evidence on sex segregation and sex differences in wages from matched employee-employer data. Journal of Labor Economics, 21(4):887-921.

Bell, D.N.F. & Hart, R.A. (1999). Unpaid work. Economica, 66:271-290.

Bell, D.N.F., Hart, R.A., Hubler, O. & Schwerdt, W. (2000, March), Paid and unpaid overtime working in Germany and the UK, IZA Discussion Paper Number 133, Bonn, Germany: The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

Blau, F. and DeVaro, J. (2006, April) New evidence on gender differences in promotion rates: An empirical analysis of a sample of new hires. Working paper. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University.

Blau, F.D., Ferber, M.A., & Winkler, A.E. (2007) The economics of women, men, and work. (5th ed.) Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.

Blau, F.D. & Kahn, L.M. (2006, June) The U.S. gender pay gap in the 1990s: Slowing convergence. Discussion paper 2176, Bonn, Germany: Institute for the Study of Labor (published in: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 2006, 60 (1):45-66) .

Blau, F. D. & Kahn. L.M. (2000) Gender differences in pay. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14(4):75-99.

Boraas, S. & Rodgers, W.M. III. (2003, March) How does gender play a role in the earnings gap? An update. Monthly Labor Review, 9-15.

Bowler, M. (1999, December) Women's earnings: An overview. Monthly Labor Review, 13-21.

Brooks, P. (1999, June) Compensation inequality. Washington, DC: Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Budig, M. J. and England, P. (2001, April) The wage penalty for motherhood. American Sociological Review, 66(2):204-225.

Correll, S. J, Benard, S. & Paik, I. (2007, March) Getting a job: Is there a motherhood penalty? American Journal of Sociology, 112(5):1297-1338.

Cortes, P. & Tessada, J. (2008, May) Cheap maids and nannies: How low-skilled immigration is changing the labor supply of high-skilled American women. Working paper. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago and Cambridge:MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Costa, D.L. (2000) Hours of work and the Fair Labor Standards Act: A study of retail and wholesale trade, 1938-1950. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 53(4):648-664.

Dey, J.G. & Hill, C. (2007, April) Behind the pay gap. Washington, DC: American Association of University Women Educational Foundation.

DiNatale, M. & Boraas, S. (2002, March) The labor force experience of women from "Generation X". Monthly Labor Review, 3-15.

Even, W.E. & Macpherson, D.A. (1990) The gender gap in pensions and wages. Review of Economics and Statistics, 72(2):259-265.

Fields, J. & Wolff, E. (1995, October) Interindustry wage differentials and the gender wage gap. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 49(1):105-120.

Gabriel, P.E. (2005, July) The effects of differences in year-round, full-time labor market experience on gender wage levels in the United States. International Review of Applied Economics, 19(3):369-377.

Groshen, E. (1991) The structure of the female/male wage differential: Is it who you are, what you do, or where you work? Journal of Human Resources, 26(3):457-472.

Gruber, J. (1994, June) The incidence of mandated maternity benefits. American Economic Review, 84(3):622-641.

Hamermesh, D.S. & Trejo, S.J. (2000, February) The demand for hours of labor: Direct evidence from California. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 82(1):38-47.

Hartmann, H., Sorokina, O. & Williams, E. (2006, December) The best and worst state economies for women. Washington, DC: Institute for Women's Policy Research.

Johnson, G. & Solon, G. (1986, December) Estimates of the direct effects of comparable worth policy. American Economic Review, 76:1117-1125.

Johnson, T.D. (2008, February) Maternity leave and employment patterns of first-time mothers: 1961- 2003. Household Economic Studies. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.

Joy, L. (2006, April) Occupational differences between recent male and female college graduates. Economics of Education Review, 25(2):221-231.

Levine, L. (2003, April) The gender wage gap and pay equity: Is comparable worth the next step? Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service.


Light, A. & Ureta, M. (1995) Early-career work experience and gender wage differentials. Journal of Labor Economics, 13(1):121-154.

Lowen, A. & Sicilian, P. (2008) "Family-friendly" fringe benefits and the gender wage gap. Journal of Labor Research. Online publication date: March 12, 2008.

Mandel, H. & Semyonov. M. (2005, December) Family policies, wage structures, and gender gaps: Sources of earnings inequality in 20 countries. American Sociological Review, 70:949-967.

McCrate, E. (2005, March) Flexible hours, workplace authority, and compensating wage differentials in the US. Feminist Economics, 11(1):11-39.

Morrisey, M. (2001, September) Why do employers do what they do? Compensating differentials. International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics, 1(3-4): 195-201.

Mulligan, C.B. & Rubinstein, Y. (2008, August) Selection, investment, and women's relative wages over time. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 123(3):1061-1110.

Oaxaca, R. (1973, October) Male-female wage differentials in urban labor markets. International Economic Review, 14(3):693-708.

Olson, C. (2002) Do workers accept lower wages in exchange for health benefits? Journal of Labor Economics, 20(2):91-114.

Pannenberg, M. (2002, October), Long-term effects of unpaid overtime: Evidence for West Germany, IZA Discussion Paper Number 614, Bonn, Germany: The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

Phelps, E. (1972, September) The statistical theory of racism and sexism. American Economic Review, 62(4):659-661.

Plasman, R. & Sissoko, S. (2004, December). Comparing apples with oranges: Revisiting the gender wage gap in an international perspective. Discussion Paper Series, Brussels, Belgium: Institute for the Study of Labor.

Rhine, S. L.W. (1987, December) The determinants of fringe benefits: Additional evidence. Journal of Risk and Insurance, 54(4):790-799.

Rose, S & Hartmann, H. (2004) Still a man's labor market: The long-term earnings gap. Washington, DC: Institute for Women's Policy Research.

Sanborn, H. (1964, July) Pay differences between men and women. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 17(4):534-550.

Sheiner, L. (1999, April) Health care costs, wages, and aging. Washington, DC: Federal Reserve Board of Governors.

Solberg, E. & Laughlin, T. (1995, July) The gender pay gap, fringe benefits, and occupational crowding. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 48(4):692-708.


Spivey, C. (2005, October) Time off at what price? The effects of career interruptions on earnings. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 59(1):119-140.

Trejo, S.J. (2003, April), Does the statutory overtime premium discourage long workweeks?, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 56(3):530-551.

Trejo, S.J. (1993) Overtime pay, overtime hours, and labor unions. Journal of Labor Economics, 11(2):253-278.

Trejo, S.J. (1991, September) The effects of overtime pay regulation on worker compensation. American Economic Review, 81(4):719-740.

U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (2008, October) Highlights of Women's Earnings in 2007, Report 1008.

U. S. General Accounting Office (2003, October) Women's earnings: Work patterns partially explain difference between men's and women's earnings. Washington, DC: General Accounting Office.

Weinberg, D. (2007, July/August) Earnings by gender: Evidence from Census 2000. Monthly Labor Review: 25-34.

WFD Consulting. (2006, October) Workplace flexibility for lower wage workers. Washington, DC: Corporate Voices for Working Families.